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6. 3. 2012.

Overtrainness problem

The best definition of overtrainness is that is athlete condition where it comes to work efficiency drop. It is opposite of achieving good results and it should be seriously treated. Though conditions of overtraining are not always totally known, it is mostly the consequence of badly done training process.
Athletes’ recovery should be watched daily and weekly. Daily watching includes training diary, nutrition, stretching, use of sauna, baths and relax techniques. Week watching includes at least one day of active recovery and three days of massage.

Activities that can cause overtrainness

Training errors
Athletes’ lifestyle
Social surround
Recovery negligence
Insufficient sleep
Too big family responsibility
Disease, heat
Bigger demands than capacity
Unorganized daily schedule
Frustration( family, friends)
Stop of load increase on the training due to long training break
Smoking, alcohol, coffee
Belly pains
High volume of high intensity stimuli
Teammates argument

Stressful professional activities

Inappropriate life conditions
Overemotional activities( TV, loud music…)

Weak nutrition
Family arguments related to the sport

Too excited and too furious life

Reversal informations can sometimes be shown in the most simple way possible. For example, communication with the athlete is very important. Ask the athlete: “How do you feel today?” If the answer is:” I feel my legs are heavy, or I don’t feel myself well”, that means that the athlete is not recovered from the previous day load. Body speech, like facial expressions, kneeling or inclination due to recovery, new or constant old error repeating or a simple look in their eyes can play various reverse information. Be aware of the problems that athletes can revive(for example relationship argument, parents argument, school or work stress…) Make the movements that will help the athlete to overrule these problems before they become the facts in performance.
Look carefully at sportsmen will, wish to surpass personal performance, sleeping habits and emotional balance.
Weight variations of +/- 1kg during 24 hours period show normal recovery. Gain or loss out of written suggests too small load on training(gain) or load that stops normal recovery( weight loss).

Overtrainness symptoms

Motor/ physiological
Increased irritability
Perturbated coordination
Decreased concentration
Increase in muscular tension
Quality nutrition miss
Return of already corrected errors
Digestion nuisances
Critics sensitivity
Inconsistency in rhythmic movements performing
Isolation from teammates
Body prepareness
Vital capacities decrease
Lack of initiative
Decrease in speed, endurance and power
Longer period in which heart rate is returned to normal level
Slower recovery
Tendency to skin and tissue infections
Lack of selfconfidence
Reaction time increase

Decreased power of will
Tendency to injuries and accidents

Lack of militancy
Decreased capacity to differ and correct technical errors

Fear from competition

Tendency to give up from competition or team tactic plan

Overtrainness symptoms indicated by literature appearance

Psychological/ information processing
Weakened performance
Feeling of despondency
Impossiblity of repeated performing already adopted standards
Longer recovery
Decreased self-respect
Decreased load tolerance
Emotional instability
Decreased muscular power
Difficulties with concentration on training and work place
Decreased maximal work capacity
Sensitivity to surround and emotional stress
Lost of coordination
Fear of competition
Decreased efficiency/ decreased movement amplitude
Decreased possibility of limited concentration
Repeated showing of already corrected mistakes
Increased susceptibility to inner and outer distracting
Decreased capacity of differenting and technical errors correcting
Decreased capacity of handling with big number of informations
Decreased correction and differential capacity of technical errors
Giving up when it becomes hard
Increased difference between heart rate in upright and prone position
Abnormal T curve on ECG
Increased illness sensitivity(allergies, influenza conditions)
Heart discomfort at light efforts
Ilnesses like flu
Heart pressure changes
Unconfirmed glands arousal
Rest, training and recovery heart rate changes
Small scratches heal slowly
Increased breath frequency
One day influenza conditions
Overemphasized breathing
Decreased activity of functional neutrophiles
Decrease in body fat
Decreased overall lymphocyte number
Increase oxygen consumption at submaximal working capacities
Limited reaction on mythogenes
Lactic curve moving towards x axis
Increased number of blood eosinophiles
Decreased weight after evening training
Decreased lymphocyte share(non-T,non-B)
Increased basal metabolism rate
Bacteria infections
Chronical fatique
Reactivation of viral herpes infection
Insomnia with of without night sweating
Significant variations in CD4:CD8 lymphocytes
Feel of thirst
Negative oxygen balance
Hypothalamus disfunction
Lost of dreams
Flat curve of glucosis tolerance
Decreased concentration of muscular glycogen
Ammenorhea/ Oligomenorhea
Decreased bone mineral content
Menstruation delay
Decreased hemoglobine
Increased pain
Decreased iron serum
Gastrointestinal disorders
Decreased feritine serum
Muscular pain/ tension
Decreased TIBC
Tendons pain
Lack of minerals(Zn, Co, Al, Mn, Se, Cu..)
Periosteum pain
Increased concentration in urine
Increased C-reactive protein
Increased cortisone amounts
Increased corticosteroids in urine

Low free testosterone

Increased serum of hormones that chain globuline

Decreased amount of free testosterone and cortisole for more than 30%

Increased production of uric acid

"Periodization, theory and methodology of training", Tudor Bompa

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